We often hear about musicians were liver transplant recipients (frequently as a result of hepatitis C), but less often about athletes. In 1999, the NFL’s all-time leading rusher, Walter Payton, died while waiting for a liver transplant. He was 45 years old. He had a rare liver disease called primary sclerosing cholangitis. His disease advanced and after developing bile duct cancer, he was no longer eligible for a transplant. Another former football player had a better outcome. Pat Summerall received a donor liver in 2004. Although Sumerall has been sober a long time, his liver was destroyed from alcohol use in his younger years.