The goal of hepatitis C treatment is to cure the virus, which can be done with a combination of drugs. The specific meds used and the duration of treatment depend on a number of factors, including HCV genotype (genetic structure of the virus), past treatment experience, degree of liver damage, ability to tolerate the prescribed treatment, and whether the person is waiting for a liver transplant or is a transplant recipient. In some cases, hep C treatment may be limited by your health insurance plan or drug formulary.

There are a number of approved therapies to treat hepatitis C. Some drugs, such as Harvoni and Mavyret are a combination of drugs formulated in to one daily pill. A few drugs, such as Mavyret and Zepatier may be taken by people who have kidney disease and are on dialysis. Some drugs may be prescribed together with or without ribavirin. In theory, peginterferon may also be prescribed in combination with some of the newer treatments, but this practice has largely been abandoned. 

When hepatitis C treatment is working, the virus usually becomes undetectable within four to 12 weeks and remains that way throughout treatment. People are considered cured when they have achieved what is known as a sustained virologic response (SVR), or continuation of this undetectable status, 12 to 24 weeks after completing therapy.

Here are the recommendations for HCV treatment for all genotypes from the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)

AASLD HCV Treatment Recommendations* for Treatment-Naive People without Decompensated Cirrhosis (Child-Pugh B or C) or Certain Co-existing Medical Conditions, such as HCV Recurrence Post-Liver Transplant:


Genotype 1a

no cirrhosis

Recommended
  • Daklinza + Sovaldi for 12 weeks
  • Epclusa for 12 weeks
  • Harvoni for 12 weeks; 8 weeks for non-Black, HIV-neg, viral load less than 6 million IU
  • Mavyret for 8 weeks
  • Olysio + Sovaldi for 12 weeks
  • Viekira + ribavirin for 12 weeks
  • Zepatier for 12 weeks (without baseline NS5A RASs**)
Alternative
  • Zepatier + ribavirin for 16 weeks (with baseline NS5A RAVs**)

Genotype 1a

compensated cirrhosis

Recommended
  • Epclusa for 12 weeks
  • Harvoni for 12 weeks
  • Mavyret for12 weeks
  • Zepatier for 12 weeks (without baseline NS5A RASs**)
Alternative
  • Daklinza + Sovaldi with/without ribavirin for 24 weeks
  • Olysio + Sovaldi with/without ribavirin for 24 weeks
  • Viekira + ribavirin for 24 weeks
  • Zepatier + ribavirin for 16 weeks (with baseline NS5A RAVs**)

Genotype 1b

no cirrhosis

Recommended
  • Daklinza + Sovaldi for 12 weeks
  • Epclusa for 12 weeks
  • Harvoni for 12 weeks; 8 weeks for non-Black, HIV-neg, viral load less than 6 million IU
  • Mavyret for 8 weeks
  • Olysio + Sovaldi for 12 weeks
  • Viekira for 12 weeks
  • Zepatier for 12 weeks
Alternative

Genotype 1b

compensated cirrhosis

Recommended
  • Epclusa for 12 weeks
  • Harvoni for 12 weeks
  • Mavyret for 12 weeks
  • Viekira for 12 weeks
  • Zepatier for 12 weeks
Alternative
  • Daklinza + Sovaldi with/without ribavirin for 24 weeks
  • Olysio + Sovaldi with/without ribavirin for 24 weeks

Genotype 2

no cirrhosis

Recommended
  • Daklinza + Sovaldi 
  • Epclusa for 12 weeks
  • Mavyret for 8 weeks
Alternative

Geontype 2

compensated cirrhosis

Recommended
  • Epclusa for 12 weeks
  • Mavyret for 12 weeks
Alternative
  • Daklinza + Sovaldi for 16 to 24 weeks

Genotype 3

no cirrhosis

Recommended
  • Daklinza + Sovaldi for 12 weeks
  • Epclusa for 12 weeks
  • Mavyret for 8 weeks
Alternative

Geontype 3

compensated cirrhosis

Recommended
  • Daklinza + Sovaldi with/without ribavirin for 24 weeks
  • Epclusa for 12 weeks
  • Mavyret for 12 weeks
Alternative

Genotype 4

no cirrhosis

Recommended
  • Epclusa for 12 weeks
  • Harvoni for 12 weeks
  • Mavyret for 8 weeks
  • Technivie + ribavirin for 12 weeks
  • Zepatier for 12 weeks
Alternative

Geontype 4

compensated cirrhosis

Recommended
  • Epclusa for 12 weeks
  • Harvoni for 12 weeks
  • Mavyret for 12 weeks
  • Technivie + ribarivin for 12 weeks
  • Zepatier for 12 weeks
Alternative

    Genotype 5

    no cirrhosis

    Recommended
    • Epclusa for 12 weeks
    • Harvoni for 12 weeks
    • Mavyret for 8 weeks
    Alternative

      Genotype 5

      compensated cirrhosis

      Recommended
      • Epclusa for 12 weeks
      • Harvoni for 12 weeks
      • Mavyret for 12 weeks
      Alternative

      Genotype 6

      no cirrhosis

      Recommended
      • Epclusa for 12 weeks
      • Harvoni for 12 weeks
      • Mavyret for 8 weeks
      Alternative

      Genotype 6

      compensated cirrhosis

      Recommended
      • Epclusa for 12 weeks
      • Harvoni for 12 weeks
      • Mavyret for 12 weeks
      Alternative

      * When more than one treatment is recommended, medications are listed alphabetically 

      ** RASs = resistance-associated  substitutions (formerly RAVs or resistance-associated variants) 

      For those needing information about medication for advanced liver disease, visit HCV treatment recommendations for those with decompenstated cirrhosis. Click on HCV Treatment Post-Transplantation for information about HCV recurrence following liver transplantation. 

      For more information about the different classes of HCV treatment and a list of approved HCV treatment, click here.

      Medications that are NOT recommended for HCV treatment:

      • Sovaldi + ribavirin for 24 weeks
      • Peginterferon plus ribavirin with or without Incivek, Olysio, Sovaldi, or Victrelis 
      • Monotherapy with peginterferon, ribavirin or a direct-acting antiviral

      Does treatment work for African Americans?
      Historically, HCV treatment was less effective for African Americans than for Caucasians. This is partly explained by genetics: Researchers identified a gene that is linked with response to pegylated interferon-based treatment, called IL-28B (see “How is it diagnosed, and what tests are used?” for more information on IL-28B). In general, clinical trials of new generation of HCV drugs did not find any difference in cure rates between Black and non-Black study participants. The one exception is that when using Harvoni, Blacks need the full 12 weeks of treatment, rather than the shortened 8 week option. 


      Does treatment work for Latinos?
      Hepatitis C seems to progress more rapidly in Latinos than in people from other racial and ethnic groups. However, in the clinical trials of Sovaldi and other new HCV antivirals, there was no apparent difference in success rates with the drug among Latinos than among non-Latinos.

      Last Revised: August 7, 2017